Oncology is the discipline that studies the formation, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of tumors existing in the body and their relationship with inheritance. It examines cancerous cells as well as non-cancerous cells, which expands the branches oncology is concerned with. Medical oncology, which examines chemotherapy applications, i.e. the treatment of cancer with drugs, also examines cancer prevention, cancer screening, and early diagnosis applications.
Defined as a scientific discipline in and of itself, oncology conducts an examination of cells. It is based on the investigation of numerous conditions from the formation of cancer cells to their relationship with inheritance. Basically, it is the branch that examines the tumors formed in the body.
In addition to examinations in many areas such as breast, lung, colon, bladder, and skin, examinations for brain tumors are also included under the oncology branch. At first, the reasons for the formation of cancer cells or tumors are examined. Next, diagnosis and treatment stages are conducted. Also, it is revealed as a result of examinations whether the condition is hereditary. Following these stages, chemotherapy practices are initiated.
What Is Medical Oncology?
With the manifestation of symptoms, it is essential to examine patients in the field of oncology. At this stage, medical oncology comes into play for cancer screening. It does not only cover cancer screening but also:
- Analyzes chemotherapy practices;
- Examines cancer prevention practices.
- Meticulous studies have been carried out for early diagnosis applications.