Colorectal Cancer

It includes cancers of the colon, rectum, cecum, appendix and anus.
Colorectal cancer is the most common type of cancer among all gastrointestinal system cancers. It includes cancers of the colon, rectum, cecum, appendix and anus. Every year, 1.9 million new cases are diagnosed with colorectal cancer worldwide. It ranks 4th among the cancer types diagnosed in the USA (10-15% of all cancers are colorectal cancer). Blood in the stool, changes in bowel movements, weight loss and feeling tired are symptoms suggestive of colon cancer. Advanced age, male gender, diet, genetics, intestinal diseases, chemical carcinogens, smoking and alcohol use are risk factors for colon cancer.

Colon cancer treatment varies according to the stage of the disease. Basically, surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be applied. Early-stage operations include polyp resection during colonoscopy, endoscopic mucosal resection, and minimally invasive surgery. Operations for invasive colon cancer are partial colectomy and lymph node resection. Different surgical techniques can be applied for more advanced stages. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted drug therapies and immunotherapies are the methods used in the treatment of colon cancer.


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The information provided on this site is not for diagnostic or medical advice, but for informational purposes. If you have or think you have a disease to be treated, consult a specialist physician.

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