Colon cancer treatment varies according to the stage of the disease. Basically, surgical treatment, chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be applied. Early-stage operations include polyp resection during colonoscopy, endoscopic mucosal resection, and minimally invasive surgery. Operations for invasive colon cancer are partial colectomy and lymph node resection. Different surgical techniques can be applied for more advanced stages. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted drug therapies and immunotherapies are the methods used in the treatment of colon cancer.
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Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Health Professional Version. PMID: 26389222. National Cancer Institute (US); 2002.
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Niederhuber JE, et al., eds. Colorectal cancer. In: Abeloff's Clinical Oncology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014.
Colon Cancer. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology.Version 2.2023 — April 25, 2023 Colon cancer treatment (PDQ)–Patient Version. PMID: 26389319. National Cancer Institute (US); 2002.
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