Neurology is the discipline that studies the structure and physiology of the nervous system and the diseases related to it. It generally focuses on the brain, brain stem, spinal cord, and its surroundings. It includes treatment practices other than diagnosis and treatment.

The discipline of neurology is a comprehensive discipline concerned with signs such as persistent and severe headaches, dizziness, numbness in hands, arms and feet, fainting, vision disorders, forgetfulness, and involuntary shaking in the hands.

Brain, spinal cord and nervous system control the entire working system of the body. When some things in the nervous system start to go wrong, malfunction or stop working, a number of problems may occur in speaking, moving and even breathing. The origins and treatment methods of all these problems are hidden in the science of neurology.

What is neurology?

Neurology is the discipline that deals with nervous system disorders involving the brain, blood vessels, and nerves as well as muscles. It is originally a combination of the words "neuron" meaning nerve and "logia" meaning work. In general, the fields of neurology are;

  • Autonomous

  • Central nervous system and

  • Peripheral nervous system.

Experts working in the field of neurology are called neurologists. Neurology is a discipline that uses advanced techniques.

Neurology is a field of medicine that deals with brain and brain diseases. Mainly concerned with issues such as stroke, epilepsy, Alzheimer's, MS dementia, Parkinson's disease, amnesia, and sleep disorders, neurology collaborates with other specialties.


Neurological Diseases

Neurology affects a very broad framework since it is concerned with the diseases that may arise in many areas under the influence of the autonomic nervous system, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system.

Quick and early diagnosis is critical in neurological diseases caused by negativities in autonomous, central, and peripheral nervous systems which constitute the most delicate structures of our body in a vital sense. If the examinations and diagnoses are delayed, irreversible damages may occur. For this reason, people with neurological disorders should urgently start the treatment process after early diagnosis by contacting the nearest neurologist.


What Are the Symptoms of Neurological Diseases?

Long-lasting headaches, pain in the neck, back and even lower back, or anomalies such as sleep disturbances can be described as symptoms of neurological diseases. When these symptoms occur, which are the concerns of neurology, a medical specialty that deals with brain and brain diseases in general, they should be examined as soon as possible. Especially in neurological diseases, early diagnosis and initiation of treatment are critical for recovery. Otherwise, life-threatening risks may arise.   

In brain and nerve diseases, some physical pain or negative symptoms are encountered as in other diseases. In this context, to evaluate the symptoms of neurological diseases, patients usually consider getting help from neurologists when they experience the following symptoms and signs:


  • Headache

  • Dizziness

  • Fainting

  • Sleep disorders

  • Shaking in hands and involuntary movements

  • Movement disorders

  • Impairment of consciousness

  • Amnesia

  • Lower back pain

  • Loss of balance

All these signs and symptoms may also be due to extreme fatigue or stress. However, if you experience any of these symptoms, you should seek medical help from a neurology specialist.