Rheumatology is a discipline that examines rheumatic and other musculoskeletal diseases. Causes of rheumatic diseases can be genetic, physiological, and environmental. Rheumatologists, physical therapy, and rehabilitation specialists work together in the department of rheumatology.

Dealing with rheumatic inflammatory diseases and musculoskeletal diseases usually caused by the improper functioning of the immune system, rheumatology is an area where many people have problems today.

Rheumatology, a specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics, deals with diseases such as soft tissues, joints, and hereditary connective tissue. Commonly known as rheumatism, the disease causes pain in the muscles, joints, and ligaments that connect these muscles and joints. The pain sometimes leads to movement limitation and even swelling and deformities in the body. People who deal with these problems and specialize in this field are called rheumatologists. Rheumatologists are concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of people who suffer from these conditions.

Generally speaking, the discipline of rheumatology associates the causes of all rheumatic diseases with genetic, physical, or environmental factors. Rheumatologists working in the field of rheumatology carry out the studies in the diagnosis and treatment process together with physical therapists. Rheumatology, which is a discipline that studies musculoskeletal system and rheumatic diseases in general, comes from the Greek word "rheuma". All kinds of pain, swelling, or deformities caused by rheumatism in these areas are diagnosed and treated in this area. Rheumatic diseases with more than 200 disease groups can manifest themselves in many different ways depending on their type. The extent of the disease can reach a very extensive scale. In fact, internal organs such as the heart, liver, and kidneys can be affected by this disease unless it is treated.

The department of Rheumatology is a sub-unit of the internal medicine department of the hospitals for the treatment of adults who have discomfort related to this subject. In children, nephrology and immunology departments investigate these cases together.


Which diseases is rheumatology concerned with?

There are many types of diseases among rheumatology diseases that occur as inflammatory conditions in bones, muscles, and joints. While some of these diseases are very common, others are rare types.

Rheumatology investigates rheumatic diseases such as pain, swelling, and deformity in muscles, joints, and ligaments. Among these, the most common rheumatic diseases are:

What are the symptoms of rheumatic diseases?

This process, which occurs mostly with discomfort such as pain or swelling in the joints, manifests itself with muscle pain, muscle weakness, and severe pain in the back and the waist. Apart from these, the following symptoms can also be listed:


  • Rashes on the skin

  • Changes in nails
  • Observable roughness in the skin
  • Eye dryness caused by decreased tear production
  • Reduced saliva
  • Redness in the eyes
  • Prolonged fever
  • Hemoptysis and cough
  • Extreme sensitivity to the sun
  • Paralysis and similar nervous system disorders
  • Degeneration in kidney function
  • Fingers turning pale


Pediatric Rheumatology

Pediatric Rheumatology, which generally works as a sub-discipline of pediatrics, has been working as a separate discipline in the USA and many European countries for the last 20-25 years. In our country, since 2010, with the approval of YÖK (Council of Higher Education), Pediatric Rheumatology has been established within the Department of Pediatrics.